In the beginning there was Pata-Cluj

The current project, Pata 2.0, builds on the experience and knowledge acquired through the previous, similar project, Pata-Cluj.

The Pata-Cluj project was carried out by the CMA (Cluj Metropolitan Area) and its partners between October 2014 and April 2017 within the framework of the “Fight against Poverty” Programme, supported by the EEA and Norway Grants 2009-2014. The official name was “Social interventions for desegregation and social inclusion of vulnerable groups in the Cluj Metropolitan Area, including disadvantaged Roma” and financially supported through the EEA and Norway Grants. A broad, participatory, multi-sector intervention was undertaken in this project with the aim of preparing desegregation, social and spatial inclusion of families in Pata Rât.

Main results achieved:

Social housing:

35 families were moved from marginalised communities to social housing in the integrated town and metropolitan area through the construction of 12 apartments in Apaida and the purchase of 23 apartments in the municipality of Cluj-Napoca and the metropolitan area, thus ensuring decent living conditions, but also piloting a participative social housing methodology.
The 35 families, who moved to social housing benefit from support and support in keeping living. The 143 people (of which 75 adults and 68 children) receive psycho-social assistance designed as a family support to facilitate the transition from Pata Rât to the majority community to adapt and integrate into new communities in order to comply with contractual obligations, with the aim of long-term intervention to maintain housing in good conditions, preventing their abandonment and return to Pata Rât.

The assistance and family support provided were identified and worked on the following areas of intervention, addressing the personal and family needs of the moved: registration in the property card and facilitation of contact with the administrator; new ID card, with the new address; transfer of pupils to school (for those parents who have applied for the intervention); enrolment at school/nursery school; career guidance and employment support; easing access to and improving the quality of health services; placement of children; social benefits; interviews with a view to the approval and extension of the agreement to accept in space; development of volunteer services through the recruitment, training and supervision of students (bachelor and master level) from the Faculty of Sociology and Social Care; development and provision of tutoring services at home with the help of volunteers; accompany with different institutions/services. Families were regularly visited by the responsible case manager, also maintaining the link and phone, as well as meeting at the headquarters of different institutions or CMA.

The issues addressed in the individual and family counselling were the following:

Resource management and financial advice (gas, electricity and water management); Household maintenance; The management of relations between the partners; The management of intra-family and cross-community conflicts (including conflicts with neighbours); Links with the extended family; healthy lifestyles, nutrition and health in general; Parental and development skills; Childcare; Education, such as children’s educational and behavioural problems; Career guidance and counselling.

Coordinated multidisciplinary intervention for family assistance:

  • 169 families in the Pata Rât community have benefitted from case management to promote their social inclusion and improve their access to social services and benefits through an approach that meets the needs and resources of individuals and families as well as to be aware of, and to obtain, their rights;
  • 304 persons received assistance and support with a view to obtaining identity papers (identity cards and birth certificates);
  • 41 families were registered for child benefit and 19 persons benefited from registration for social rights (guaranteed minimum income, health insurance contributions, social canteen, family allowances);
  • 29 people were helped to open bank accounts;
  • For 7 minors, the procedures for the award of the legal representative have been completed;
  • 11 persons registered with their family doctor;
  • At the same time, 49 people benefited from late registration (in 40 cases of late registration before the courts of their domicile), the basic step in accessing social rights.

Employment of people from Pata Rât has been improved by job mediation for 70 people and the provision of vocational advice to 182 persons.41 young people from Pata Rât participated in vocational qualification courses under the Youth Build programme and improved their qualification level, 10 persons from Pata Rât developed 1 business plan for micro-enterprises, which can be funded from other sources.

Legal assistance: 179 persons received legal advice and 54 persons received legal representation (including 40 late registration cases for children and adults) accompanied by case managers.

Nursing: 297 persons received medical consultations with the Furniture Unit.100 persons were accompanied for the receipt of specialist treatment at public and private health care facilities.8 persons were accompanied by the competent institutions to acquire the quality of insured person.

Community facilitation: 346 families participated in the consultation process, decision-making and implementation of the Community under the “Emergency/Community Needs” strand, which purchased firewood and building materials, at the level of the 4 communities of Pata Rât through Community facilitation.

Inclusive, non-segregated education: Since the 2014-2015 school year, the Pata Cluj team has facilitated access to non-segregated mass education for an initial 14 school children from the Ramp community, which is the most disadvantaged among the communities in Pata Rât, which has gradually increased and reached 30 children today. The services offered by the project team replied to the needs of children and their families, i.e. support groups with parents and their involvement in the educational process, daily body hygiene, breakfast assurance, transport insurance at and from school, insurance for lunch and condition, activities of third school and recreational activities.

In the school year 2015-2016, 45 persons (adults and children) were included in the Second Chance programme. In the school year, 2016-2017 16 people (2 adults and 14 children) continued the programme. A public building was renovated with the purpose of being used as the Centre for Youth. The centre has approximately 250 square metres and is fully equipped and equipped.

Cultural activities: 14 original artistic productions and 1.540 participants in artistic events, 98 cultural activities, creative workshops, viewing of shows and film, 3.300 participants in cultural events, 12 community cultural expressions — talent show, football championships, community spaces; 210 members of the cultural community; facilitate access for talented young people from Pata Rât in the cultural life of the city (Jazz in the street, Cluj Cultural Days, TIFF- film in Bontida).

Development of methodologies to support public policies:

- Access system for social housing developed in a participatory manner (set of access criteria, assessment tool for applicants)

- Research on the response of the child and educational system to the needs of children from disadvantaged backgrounds (volume with research results).

- International conference

Below, you may watch a documentary produced during the project